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Fixing a VCL Style bug in the TButton component

4 Comments

A few weeks ago a fellow delphi developer ask me via email about a workaround for a bug in the TButton component, when the ImageAlignment property has a value different than iaLeft (btw i just submit this bug to Quality Central).
Tipically when you uses this property in a TButton without a Vcl Style applied you had a result like this.

Now if you apply any Vcl Style, this is the result

As you can see the images are not aligned properly. This is due which the TButtonStyleHook class (used by the TButton component) ignore the value of the ImageAlignment property. So to fix that we must patch the code of the Paint method TButtonStyleHook style hook.

Check the next code for a workaround

Uses
 Winapi.CommCtrl,
 Vcl.Themes,
 Vcl.Styles;

type
  TCustomButtonH=class(TCustomButton);

  //we need this helper to access some strict private fields
  TButtonStyleHookHelper = class Helper for TButtonStyleHook
  protected
   function Pressed : Boolean;
   function DropDown: Boolean;
  end;
  
  //to avoid writting a lot of extra code we are to use TButtonStyleHook class and override the paint method
  TButtonStyleHookFix = class(TButtonStyleHook)
  protected
    procedure Paint(Canvas: TCanvas); override;
  end;


{ TButtonStyleHookFix }

procedure TButtonStyleHookFix.Paint(Canvas: TCanvas);
var
  LDetails          : TThemedElementDetails;
  DrawRect          : TRect;
  pbuttonImagelist  : BUTTON_IMAGELIST;
  IW, IH, IY        : Integer;
  LTextFormatFlags  : TTextFormatFlags;
  ThemeTextColor    : TColor;
  Buffer            : string;
  BufferLength      : Integer;
  SaveIndex         : Integer;
  X, Y, I           : Integer;
  BCaption          : String;
begin

  if StyleServices.Available then
  begin
    BCaption := Text;
    if Pressed then
      LDetails := StyleServices.GetElementDetails(tbPushButtonPressed)
    else
    if MouseInControl then
      LDetails := StyleServices.GetElementDetails(tbPushButtonHot)
    else
    if Focused then
      LDetails := StyleServices.GetElementDetails(tbPushButtonDefaulted)
    else
    if Control.Enabled then
      LDetails := StyleServices.GetElementDetails(tbPushButtonNormal)
    else
      LDetails := StyleServices.GetElementDetails(tbPushButtonDisabled);

    DrawRect := Control.ClientRect;
    StyleServices.DrawElement(Canvas.Handle, LDetails, DrawRect);

    if Button_GetImageList(handle, pbuttonImagelist) and (pbuttonImagelist.himl <> 0) and ImageList_GetIconSize(pbuttonImagelist.himl, IW, IH) then
    begin
      if (GetWindowLong(Handle, GWL_STYLE) and BS_COMMANDLINK) = BS_COMMANDLINK then
        IY := DrawRect.Top + 15
      else
        IY := DrawRect.Top + (DrawRect.Height - IH) div 2;

      //here the image is drawn properly according to the ImageAlignment value
      case TCustomButton(Control).ImageAlignment of
        iaLeft  :
                  begin
                    ImageList_Draw(pbuttonImagelist.himl, 0, Canvas.Handle, DrawRect.Left + 3, IY, ILD_NORMAL);
                    Inc(DrawRect.Left, IW + 3);
                  end;
        iaRight :
                  begin
                    ImageList_Draw(pbuttonImagelist.himl, 0, Canvas.Handle, DrawRect.Right - IW -3, IY, ILD_NORMAL);
                    Dec(DrawRect.Right, IW - 3);
                  end;

        iaCenter:
                  begin
                   ImageList_Draw(pbuttonImagelist.himl, 0, Canvas.Handle, (DrawRect.Right - IW) div 2, IY, ILD_NORMAL);
                  end;


        iaTop   :
                  begin
                   ImageList_Draw(pbuttonImagelist.himl, 0, Canvas.Handle, (DrawRect.Right - IW) div 2, 3, ILD_NORMAL);
                  end;


        iaBottom:
                  begin
                   ImageList_Draw(pbuttonImagelist.himl, 0, Canvas.Handle, (DrawRect.Right - IW) div 2, (DrawRect.Height - IH) - 3, ILD_NORMAL);
                  end;

      end;


    end;

    if (GetWindowLong(Handle, GWL_STYLE) and BS_COMMANDLINK) = BS_COMMANDLINK then
    begin
      if pbuttonImagelist.himl = 0 then
        Inc(DrawRect.Left, 35);

      Inc(DrawRect.Top, 15);
      Inc(DrawRect.Left, 5);
      Canvas.Font := TCustomButtonH(Control).Font;
      Canvas.Font.Style := [];
      Canvas.Font.Size := 12;
      LTextFormatFlags := TTextFormatFlags(DT_LEFT);
      if StyleServices.GetElementColor(LDetails, ecTextColor, ThemeTextColor) then
         Canvas.Font.Color := ThemeTextColor;
      StyleServices.DrawText(Canvas.Handle, LDetails, BCaption, DrawRect, LTextFormatFlags, Canvas.Font.Color);
      SetLength(Buffer, Button_GetNoteLength(Handle) + 1);
      if Length(Buffer) <> 0 then
      begin
        BufferLength := Length(Buffer);
        if Button_GetNote(Handle, PChar(Buffer), BufferLength) then
        begin
          LTextFormatFlags := TTextFormatFlags(DT_LEFT or DT_WORDBREAK);
          Inc(DrawRect.Top, Canvas.TextHeight('Wq') + 2);
          Canvas.Font.Size := 8;
          StyleServices.DrawText(Canvas.Handle, LDetails, Buffer, DrawRect,
            LTextFormatFlags, Canvas.Font.Color);
        end;
      end;

      if pbuttonImagelist.himl = 0 then
      begin
        if Pressed then
          LDetails := StyleServices.GetElementDetails(tbCommandLinkGlyphPressed)
        else if MouseInControl then
          LDetails := StyleServices.GetElementDetails(tbCommandLinkGlyphHot)
        else if Control.Enabled then
          LDetails := StyleServices.GetElementDetails(tbCommandLinkGlyphNormal)
        else
          LDetails := StyleServices.GetElementDetails(tbCommandLinkGlyphDisabled);
        DrawRect.Right := 35;
        DrawRect.Left := 3;
        DrawRect.Top := 10;
        DrawRect.Bottom := DrawRect.Top + 32;
        StyleServices.DrawElement(Canvas.Handle, LDetails, DrawRect);
      end;

    end
    else
    if (GetWindowLong(Handle, GWL_STYLE) and BS_SPLITBUTTON) = BS_SPLITBUTTON then
    begin
      Dec(DrawRect.Right, 15);
      DrawControlText(Canvas, LDetails, Text, DrawRect, DT_VCENTER or DT_CENTER);
      if DropDown then
      begin
        LDetails := StyleServices.GetElementDetails(tbPushButtonPressed);
        SaveIndex := SaveDC(Canvas.Handle);
        try
          IntersectClipRect(Canvas.Handle, Control.Width - 15, 0,
            Control.Width, Control.Height);
          DrawRect := Rect(Control.Width - 30, 0, Control.Width, Control.Height);
          StyleServices.DrawElement(Canvas.Handle, LDetails, DrawRect);
        finally
          RestoreDC(Canvas.Handle, SaveIndex);
        end;
      end;

      with Canvas do
      begin
        Pen.Color := StyleServices.GetSystemColor(clBtnShadow);
        MoveTo(Control.Width - 15, 3);
        LineTo(Control.Width - 15, Control.Height - 3);
        if Control.Enabled then
          Pen.Color := StyleServices.GetSystemColor(clBtnHighLight)
        else
          Pen.Color := Font.Color;
        MoveTo(Control.Width - 14, 3);
        LineTo(Control.Width - 14, Control.Height - 3);
        Pen.Color := Font.Color;
        X := Control.Width - 8;
        Y := Control.Height div 2 + 1;
        for i := 3 downto 0 do
        begin
          MoveTo(X - I, Y - I);
          LineTo(X + I + 1, Y - I);
        end;
      end;

    end
    else
    begin
      //finally the text is aligned and drawn depending of the value of the ImageAlignment property
      case TCustomButton(Control).ImageAlignment of
        iaLeft,
        iaRight,
        iaCenter : DrawControlText(Canvas, LDetails, BCaption, DrawRect, DT_VCENTER or DT_CENTER);
        iaBottom : DrawControlText(Canvas, LDetails, BCaption, DrawRect, DT_TOP or DT_CENTER);
        iaTop    : DrawControlText(Canvas, LDetails, BCaption, DrawRect, DT_BOTTOM or DT_CENTER);
      end;
    end;
  end;
end;

{ TButtonStyleHookHelper }

function TButtonStyleHookHelper.DropDown: Boolean;
begin
  Result:=Self.FDropDown;
end;

function TButtonStyleHookHelper.Pressed: Boolean;
begin
  Result:=Self.FPressed;
end;

And this is the result after of aply the above style hook

TStyleManager.Engine.RegisterStyleHook(TButton, TButtonStyleHookFix);

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Author: Rodrigo

Just another Delphi guy.

4 thoughts on “Fixing a VCL Style bug in the TButton component

  1. Rodrigo, the fix for aligment worked. But there is another bug in the VCL Style.

    If you set different images on the properties “HotImageIndex”, “PressedImageIndex” and “SelectedImageIndex”, the images are not altered according to the action. He keeps a picture that is on the property “ImageIndex.”

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